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What Is Propolis and Why You Should Add It to Your Diet

10 January 2024

James Matthews

Propolis is a compound produced by bees thought to fight infections, heal wounds, and more. Learn how it’s used and what the research says.


What is propolis?


Propolis is a natural substance that is produced by bees. It is derived from the sap on needle-leaved trees or evergreens, which the bees collect and mix with their own beeswax and enzymes. This resulting mixture is used by the bees to seal cracks in their hives and protect their colony from external threats.


Used by ancient civilizations for its medicinal properties, propolis has a long history of therapeutic applications. The Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans all recognized the healing potential of this unique substance and used it for various medicinal purposes.


The Production Process


The production of propolis begins when bees collect resin from trees. They primarily target needle-leaved trees and evergreens, as these plants produce a resin that is rich in the beneficial compounds found in propolis. The bees then return to their hive, where they mix the resin with their beeswax and enzymes, creating a sticky and highly therapeutic substance.


It is important to note that propolis composition can vary based on the geographic location of the bees and the type of trees from which they collect resin. This variation can result in differences in color, consistency, and chemical composition of the propolis.


Medicinal Properties and Uses


Propolis is renowned for its wide range of medicinal properties. It possesses antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory properties, making it a valuable natural remedy for various health conditions.


Ancient civilizations used propolis for its ability to enhance wound healing and support the immune system. It was also used as a treatment for colds, sore throats, and other respiratory infections. Additionally, propolis has been shown to have antioxidant effects and may have potential anticancer properties.


Today, propolis is used in various forms, including tinctures, creams, and supplements. It is commonly used to support immune health, improve oral hygiene, and treat minor skin irritations. Some studies have even suggested that propolis may have a role in the prevention and treatment of certain types of cancer.



In conclusion, propolis is a natural substance produced by bees from the sap of needle-leaved trees or evergreens. It has been used for centuries by ancient civilizations for its remarkable medicinal properties. From wound healing to immune support, propolis offers a wide range of therapeutic benefits. As our understanding of this remarkable substance continues to grow, its potential applications in modern medicine are becoming increasingly promising.


Healing compounds in propolis


Propolis is a natural substance produced by bees to protect their hives from outside threats. It has been used for centuries for its medicinal properties and has gained popularity in recent years for its numerous health benefits. One of the key reasons behind these benefits is the presence of healing compounds in propolis.


Flavonoids and antioxidants


Propolis contains over 500 different compounds, including a wide variety of flavonoids and antioxidants. Flavonoids are a type of plant compound known for their powerful antioxidant properties. They help protect the body against the harmful effects of free radicals, which can cause oxidative stress and lead to various health issues.


Antioxidants, on the other hand, neutralize free radicals and reduce the damage they can cause. They play a crucial role in maintaining the overall health and well-being of the body. The high concentration of flavonoids and antioxidants in propolis makes it a potent natural remedy for several conditions.


Amino acids, vitamins, and minerals


In addition to flavonoids and antioxidants, propolis also contains a range of amino acids, vitamins, and minerals that contribute to its healing properties. Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins, essential for the optimal functioning of the body. They play a vital role in cell repair and regeneration.


Vitamins are micronutrients that are necessary for various bodily functions. Propolis contains vitamins such as vitamin C, vitamin B complex, and vitamin E, which are known for their antioxidant and immune-boosting effects.


Minerals, such as zinc, calcium, and magnesium, are essential for maintaining good health. They support the immune system, promote bone health, and regulate various biochemical processes in the body.


By containing amino acids, vitamins, and minerals in addition to flavonoids and antioxidants, propolis provides a comprehensive health boost. It supports the immune system, promotes wound healing, and has anti-inflammatory effects.


Overall, the healing compounds in propolis make it a valuable natural remedy for a wide range of health issues. Whether you're looking to boost your immune system or speed up the healing process, propolis can be a beneficial addition to your wellness routine. However, it's important to note that propolis may cause allergies in some individuals, so it's always best to consult with a healthcare professional before using it.


What the research says


Propolis, a natural resinous substance collected by honeybees from tree buds and sap flows, has been studied for its potential health benefits. Various research studies have found that propolis possesses antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, and antioxidant properties, making it a promising natural remedy for various health conditions.


Antibacterial Properties


One of the key findings from research is that propolis exhibits strong antibacterial effects. It has shown effectiveness against a wide range of bacteria, including those that cause infections like Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. By inhibiting the growth of these bacteria, propolis may help in preventing and treating bacterial infections.


Antiviral Properties


Propolis has also been found to have antiviral activity against several viruses, including herpes simplex virus (HSV), influenza virus, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Studies have shown that propolis extracts can inhibit viral replication and reduce the severity and duration of viral infections. This suggests that propolis may be beneficial in the management of viral infections, such as cold sores and flu.


Antifungal Properties


In addition to its antibacterial and antiviral effects, propolis has proven antifungal activity. It has been shown to inhibit the growth of various fungi, including Candida species that cause fungal infections. This antifungal property of propolis makes it a potential natural remedy for conditions like oral thrush and vaginal yeast infections.


Antioxidant Properties


Propolis contains a variety of bioactive compounds, such as polyphenols and flavonoids, which act as antioxidants. These antioxidants help neutralize harmful free radicals in the body, which can otherwise lead to oxidative stress and chronic diseases. By reducing oxidative stress, propolis may contribute to overall health and well-being.


Potential Health Benefits


Research suggests that propolis may have several potential health benefits. It has been investigated for its role in wound healing, with studies showing that propolis can promote tissue regeneration and accelerate the healing process. Furthermore, propolis has been studied for its potential anti-cancer properties, as it may help inhibit the growth of cancer cells and prevent tumor formation.


Additionally, propolis has been explored for its effects on oral health. It has been found to possess anti-inflammatory properties and may help in treating oral infections, reducing dental plaque, and alleviating symptoms of oral diseases.


While research on propolis is still ongoing, the existing evidence suggests that it is a promising natural substance with multiple health benefits. However, it's important to note that propolis supplements and products may vary in quality and concentration of active compounds. It's advisable to consult with a healthcare professional before using propolis for therapeutic purposes.


Safety Concerns


When it comes to using certain products or substances, it's essential to be aware of any potential safety concerns. In the case of consuming honey or bee products, such as bee pollen or royal jelly, there are a few important considerations to keep in mind.


Allergic Reactions

While honey is generally considered safe for consumption, it can cause allergic reactions in some individuals, especially those with existing allergies to honey or bees. These allergic reactions can range from mild symptoms, such as itching or hives, to more severe reactions like difficulty breathing or anaphylaxis.

If you have a known allergy to honey or bees, it's important to avoid consuming these products altogether. It's always a good idea to check the ingredient labels of food products, as honey is used in various baked goods and sauces.


Potential Interactions with Medications

Another safety consideration when it comes to consuming honey or bee products is the potential for interactions with certain medications. Honey and some bee products contain natural compounds that may interfere with the effectiveness of certain drugs or medications.

For example, some studies have shown that honey can inhibit the activity of certain enzymes responsible for metabolizing drugs in the body. This may result in higher concentrations of the medication in the bloodstream, leading to potential side effects or interactions.

If you are taking any medications, it's always a good idea to consult with your healthcare provider before incorporating honey or bee products into your diet. They can provide guidance on whether it is safe for you to consume these products and if any adjustments need to be made to your medication regimen.

Overall, while honey and bee products offer numerous health benefits, it's important to be mindful of potential safety concerns, especially if you have allergies to honey or bees or are taking medications. Remember to listen to your body and seek medical advice if you experience any adverse reactions. With proper care and consideration, you can enjoy the potential benefits of honey and other bee products while keeping your health and safety a top priority.


Where to Get Propolis


Propolis is a natural substance that has been used for centuries for its health benefits. If you are interested in trying propolis, you may be wondering where to get it.



One of the easiest places to find propolis is at your local pharmacy. Many pharmacies carry a variety of propolis products, including creams, ointments, and lozenges. You can simply visit the pharmacy and ask the pharmacist for assistance in finding the propolis products that you're looking for.


Health Food Stores

Another great option for purchasing propolis is health food stores. These stores usually have a dedicated section for natural supplements and remedies, including propolis. You can explore the different brands and forms available and ask the staff for recommendations based on your specific needs.


Online Retailers

If you prefer the convenience of shopping from the comfort of your own home, online retailers offer a wide range of propolis products. You can easily compare prices, read customer reviews, and find the best deals. However, be sure to choose reputable websites to ensure the quality and authenticity of the propolis products.


Topical Forms

Propolis comes in various topical forms, such as creams, ointments, and sprays. These products are typically used for skin conditions, like cuts, burns, and acne. You can find these topical forms of propolis in pharmacies, health food stores, and online retailers.


Oral Supplements

If you prefer taking propolis orally for its health benefits, you can find it in the form of supplements. These supplements are available as capsules, tablets, and tinctures. They are commonly used to support the immune system and promote overall well-being. You can find oral propolis supplements in pharmacies, health food stores, and online retailers.




Propolis is available in pharmacies, health food stores, and online retailers. It comes in topical forms, such as creams and sprays, for skin conditions, and oral supplements, like capsules and tablets, for immune support and overall well-being.

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